AUSPERLhas the following benefits
- Inorganic, inert and sterile
- Non abrasive
- Ultra light weight
- Free from disease, weeds and insects
- Slightly alkaline (neutralized with peat)
- High cation-exchange (or buffering exchange)
- Excellent aeration characteristics
- High water holding capacity
The following grades are supplied in either 100litre or 1200litre bags.
- Grade 1 (0-1mm)
- Grade 2 (2-4mm)
- Grade 3 (3-6mm)
- Grade 4 (5-8mm)
Suggested Mix Ratio’s (% by volume)
|APPLICATION||PEAT or PERLITE||AUSPERL VERMICULITE||GRADE|
|Softwood Cuttings||On Open Bench||25%||75%||2|
|Transplant Mixes||Block Mix||80%||20%||3|
|Potting Mixes||Bedding Plants||75%||25%||3|
|Vegetable Plants||60%||40%||2 or 3|
|If wetness is a problem substitute up to half of the
with AUSPERL (grade P500)|
AUSPERL is not recommended for azaleas, rhododendrons and other lime-allergic plants.
Excessive compaction and over watering can impair results.
Rapid Seed Raising
AUSPERLis ideal for the germination of seeds because the aeration properties combined with its water holding capacity makes it a superb medium for direct contact with the seeds. Excellent for laboratory seed germination tests and pre-chitting seeds for commercial growers.
Large and small seeds can be raised in pure AUSPERL. Slower germination seeds may be raised with a 50/50 mix of AUSPERL and peat or .
AUSPERLcan be used as a soil improver. When applied to an outdoor seed bed it will give improved emergence and less risk of capping.
AUSPERLin sowing composts encourages quicker germination, improved seed growth, and less check when pricking-out or potting on. Sow on a well-watered and drained mixture of equal parts of AUSPERL and peat or . Alternately, add one part to two parts of ready mixed seed compost, posting or all-purpose compost. The proportion of may be increased to 75% for large slower-germinating seeds.
Sow thinly, evenly and not too deep. Cover lightly with free flowing moist AUSPERL. Avoid over firming. Put the container in a warm place until the seeds germinate, then move to a light position. Keep moist with a fine drenching mist as necessary.
Seedlings are easily removed from AUSPERLcompost without damage to the fine roots and they transplant with a minimum of disturbance.
Seedling Wedge Mix
AUSPERLmixed with up to 20% of fine peat or blocking compost is recommended for most of the wedge shaped plug module systems of vegetable and bedding plant propagation and transplanting.
The ‘Speeding’ system of large scale peat module production, developed in the U.S. usesin the mix to safeguard against water logging in the peat wedges, facilitate re-wetting and to ensure the optimum air/water relationship for rapid seed germination and sturdy growth.
Mixes of AUSPERLor will require the addition of lime and nutrients in accordance with specific crop requirements.
AUSPERLis also applied as reflective surface and protective covering after seedling module trays for raising varieties of bedding, and plants and vegetable transplants.
AUSPERLcan be used where the seed has been placed into growing blocks.
AUSPERLencourages better aeration, drainage and insulation without prejudicing the stability of the block.
Germination can be further improved by covering the seeded blocks with a layer of AUSPERL. This will also facilitate re-wetting of the block and insulate the seed from excessive temperature fluctuations.
Propagation & Potting Mixes
Water the AUSPERLand /peat mix before inserting cuttings and do not compress around the base of the cutting.
A 50/50 mix (with either peat of AUSPERL) is generally suitable for soft cuttings on the open bench or under plastic covers (do not use under mist).
Thoroughly water the AUSPERLbefore inserting cuttings and do not compress around the base of the cutting.
AUSPERLhas special properties which favour the weaning of tissue cultured plants from the test tube stage to the commercial glasshouse. Such plants may be entirely without root hairs, and they will suffer readily from water-stress.
AUSPERL/peat mixes have been found to provide a most suitable medium for plants at this stage of development. A 50/50 mix is recommended as a starting point for trials.
AUSPERLhas been used successfully mixed with Agar gel or with a nutrient solution and also as a rooting medium for propagules. AUSPERL (fine or medium grade) mixed with (P200 or P400) has also been found to be an excellent weaning medium, particularly useful where absolute sterility from organic material such as peat is necessary.
Twin Scaling Bulbs
AUSPERLis recommended material for this technique of bulb propagation in which small ‘chips; from a bulb are stored in a warm placed in a bag of 100% AUSPERL until a new bulb is formed at the fork of the scales.
The sterile moisture retaining and insulation properties of AUSPERLmake it ideal for this application.
AUSPERLcan also be poured loosely around the bulbs and tubers to provide safe storage and to protect from frost and damage during winter. AUSPERL will not absorb moisture from inside the tubers but it does take up free moisture from the atmosphere thereby preventing storage rot.
AUSPERLin potting composts gives a very light open compost, holding more water and facilitating re-wetting, thereby lengthening the time between watering.
AUSPERLalso has excellent ion exchange properties which absorb excess nutrients and releases them slowly to the plants via the finest root hairs.
A 50/50 mix of AUSPERLand is widely used for greenhouse pot plants and hanging baskets while a 25/75 mix is generally suitable for bedding plants and house plants.
To improve existing compost add 20-25% ofand mix thoroughly. As the nutrient content in the original compost has been diluted by the AUSPERL , earlier feeding may be required.